Modern World History: Chapter 16 Section 1

Polish Corridor
the strip of territory cut through Germany to allow Poland access to seaport, from Versailles, led to Baltic Sea
Non-Aggression Pact
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
blitzkrieg
“Lighting war”, typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
maginot line
Line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.
sitzkrieg/phony-war
British and French against the Germans, both sides never fought, Hitler later invades denmark
the ardennes
the heavily wooded area that Germany went through in order to squeeze past the Maginot Line and attack France
dunkirk
a city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire
Petain
Marshal Philippe Petain, french hero from WWI, head of puppet government in France when they lost control to the Germans.
Vichy
Puppet state established by Germany in southern france after the German invasion
Charles de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Free French
a French movement during World War II that was organized in London by Charles de Gaulle to fight for the liberation of France from German control and for the restoration of the republic
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister who promised never to back down and was against appeasement from the start
Royal Air Force (RAF)
British Air Force
Luftwaffe
German Air Force
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance
Afrika Korps
The forces Hitler sent to Africa under command of General Erwin Rommel to regain German lands there. Specifically Libya.
Erwin Rommel
German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)
Operation Barbarossa
codename for Nazi Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.
Battle of Leningrad
In the Soviet Union, was a three year siege. 660,000 Soviets died of starvation and disease before Germans retreated. The battle was significant for the bravery of the Soviets against the Germans.
Neutrality Act
series of laws passed by Congress in 1935 that banned arms sales or loans to countries at war
Cash-And-Carry
policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
Lend-Lease Act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Atlantic Charter
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war