Modern World History – Chapter 7 test

Holly Alliance
This agreement between the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Purssia stated that these counties would base their relations wiht other counties of Christian principles.
Robespierre
This leader became a dictator in France. He wanted to change culture, he tried to erase any sign of France’s past.
Bastille
This old French prison was stormed by a mob seeking gunpowder and guns. This act became a symbol of ht eRevolution. This day is still celebrated.
Plebisite
This was a vote of hte French people in 1800. It approved the new constitution giving Napoleon tremendous power.
Lycees
This referes to government run public schools. Their purpose was to provide government wiht traned officials.
Peninsulares
Colonists born in Spain
Old Regime
This refers to the pre-revolutionary system in France.
National Assembly
This legislative body was created by the lowest level in the French social class structure. This was the first act of the revolution.
Estates
The three different levels in the social class structure of France.
Great Fear
This was the panic that swept through the countryside when peasants broke into nobles homes to destroy old legal papers that bound them to pay feudal taxes
bourgeoise
The middle class made up of the bankers, merchants, professionals, and skilled artisans.
Clergy
Those who are recognized as religous leaders like priests, pastors,
Peninsular
Napoleons forces suffered heavy losses in this war with Spain.
scorched earth policy
This war strategy entails burning crops AND KILLING LIVESTOCK AS AN ARMY RETREATS. tHIS WAY, THE ENEMY HAS NOTHING TO EAT AS THEY MOVE THROUGH AN AREA.
Moderates
These were revolutionaries who wanted some changes
Conservatives
These people wanted few changes and wanted to continue the monarch
Napolean Bonaparte
He became a hero for saving the French Republic by defeating royalists, Later he became a dictator and tried to build an empire
Blockade
This forced closing of British ports was an effort to weaken Great Britain by not allowing trade
Waterloo
The battle near this village in Belgium was a loss for Napoleon. The British army led by Wellington and Prussian Forces defeated Napoleons army.
Jacobins
This radical political organization controlled France during much of the revoluton
Guerrillas
Fighters engaged in ambush and retreat. They were very effective against Napoleons army in spain.
Guillotine
The use of this machine brough an end to the life of Louis XVI.
Coup D’efat
This refers to a sudden seizure of power.
Louis XVI
King of France during the revolution.
Estates General
An assembly of representatives from each of the three social classes.
Radicals
People that wanted a tremendous amount of change. They wanted to end monarch as well.
Emiges
These were nobles and others who fled France hoping the revolution would die out and they could one day return.
Napoleonic Code
A uniform set o flaws designed to end injustices. Actually it limited many of the rights gained by the revolution.
Marie Antoinette
Queen with a tast for luxury and a gambling problem.
Battle of Trafalgar
This was the one battle Napoleons forces lost. It was a sea batle off the coast of Spain.
Creoles
Colonists born in Spanish America